Atrial fibrillation is an irregular and often rapid heart rate, which can increase the risk of stroke, heart failure, and other heart-related complications.
During atrial fibrillation, the two upper chambers of the heart (atria) are beaten chaotically and irregularly – not aligned with the two lower chambers (ventricles) of the heart. Symptoms of atrial fibrillation often include increased heart rate, shortness of breath, and weakness.
Causes of atrial fibrillation
The underlying causes of atrial fibrillation can be of cardiac or noncardiac origin. Cardiac causes of fibrillation include:
- Coronary heart disease.
- Arterial hypertension.
- Chronic heart failure.
- Myocarditis of various etiologies.
- Fibrous changes in the myocardium.
- Valvular defects due to rheumatic disease.
- Disturbances in the conducting system of the heart, which leads to the pathology of excitability.
Noncardiac causes underlying the pathogenesis of fibrillation include:
- Overdose of some groups of cardiac drugs.
- Chronic addictions: drugs, alcohol.
- Chronic stress, physical and emotional overwork.
- Genetic conditioning.
- Violation of homeostasis of blood parameters, for example, hypokalemia, hypoglobulinemia, and others.
- Chronic kidney disease.
- Endocrine diseases (thyroid pathology).
Here is a quick video that explains atrial fibrillation causes.
Risk factors of atrial fibrillation
The risk of developing atrial fibrillation is increased for the following groups of people:
- People aged 40-60 years, since over time changes in the structure of the heart are observed, various cardiovascular pathologies occur.
- Patients with chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system, people who have undergone open-heart surgery.
- Patients with other chronic diseases.
- People with bad habits, especially alcohol and drug addiction.
What are the signs of atrial fibrillation?
Clinically, the disease manifests itself in seventy percent of cases, in the remaining thirty, fibrillation may be asymptomatic and not cause discomfort in patients.
Symptoms of intermittent forms of atrial fibrillation, like other forms of arrhythmia:
- Intermittent interruptions in the work of the heart.
- Unpleasant sensations behind the breastbone increased “palpitations”.
- Weakness and fatigue.
- Disorders of consciousness may sometimes occur, ranging from simple discomfort and feelings of deafness to fainting.
Get the treatment atrial fibrillation – The London Heart Clinic
The goal of treatment and medical tactics depend on the form of atrial fibrillation, but the common goal for all forms is to restore sinus rhythm. As contraindications to this may be:
- Intracardiac blood clots.
- Syndrome of weakness SU.
- Bradystolic form of atrial fibrillation.
- Acute period of rheumatic disease.
- Chronic heart failure III.
- Hypertension III.
- Age> 65 years with heart disease,> 75 years with coronary artery disease.
Finally, give your heart a favor by living a healthy life. Be more active. Choose healthy foods and keep away from stress. Maintain your positive outlook in life and enjoy every day. A happy and content heart is the secret in warding off cardiac disorders.
The London Heart Clinic here to help. The London Heart Clinic has helped a lot of patients like you get the healthy life that they deserve – please contact us if you would like more information or to schedule a consultation.