Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is often treated with a mix of procedures to restore blood sugar and insulin levels. If you are detected with DKA but have not yet been diagnosed with Bastrop diabetes, your doctor will develop a diabetic treatment plan to prevent ketoacidosis from returning. Also, DKA risk might be increased by infection. Moreover, if an illness or disease causes your DKA, your specialist will treat it with antibiotics.
An overview of diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA)
Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) is a dangerous and sometimes fatal consequence of diabetes that affects both persons with diabetes and those with unidentified diabetes. Diabetes ketoacidosis happens when your body does not have enough insulin (a hormone generated by your pancreas or injected into your body). Your body requires insulin to convert glucose, your body’s primary fuel source, into energy. When there is no or insufficient insulin, your body begins to burn down fat for energy instead. Ketones are released into the circulation as fat is broken down. A high level of ketones causes the blood of a person with diabetes to become acidic (the blood pH is too low). This produces a medical emergency that needs prompt attention and treatment.
Causes of diabetic ketoacidosis
When insulin levels are low, DKA occurs. To utilize the available glucose in the blood, your systems require insulin. Since glucose cannot enter the cells in DKA, it accumulates, leading to elevated blood sugar levels. Thus, the body starts to break down fat into a usable fuel that does not require insulin. Ketones are generated when fat is converted into energy. When too many ketones build up in your blood, it becomes acidic leading to diabetic ketoacidosis. The following are the most frequent causes of DKA:
- Missing an insulin shot or administering insufficient insulin.
- Having a blockage in your insulin pump if you use one.
- Infection or sickness.
How long does DKA take to develop?
Diabetes ketoacidosis is an acute complication since it occurs suddenly and severely. DKA might occur within 24 hours. If you’re vomiting, it might happen considerably faster. It is critical to contact your healthcare practitioner or go to the hospital as soon as you notice symptoms to receive treatment before the DKA worsens.
Diabetes ketoacidosis (DKA) vs. hyperglycemia (high blood sugar)
Hyperglycemia and diabetes ketoacidosis occur when your body does not have enough insulin or doesn’t adequately use its insulin. The distinction is that DKA is an acute complication that occurs suddenly and severely. While extremely high blood sugar (over 250 mg/dL) is virtually always a contributing cause to DKA, additional symptoms, such as ketones in your blood or urine must also be present. You can exhibit high blood sugar without having ketones in your blood or urine. Furthermore, unmanaged elevated blood sugar levels can lead to DKA. This is why it is critical to immediately treat high blood sugar with insulin.
DKA is a dangerous disorder that may be avoided. Follow your diabetes care plan and be health-conscious. Inform your clinician if anything isn’t functioning or if you’re having issues. They can modify your treatment plan or assist you in developing alternatives to manage your diabetes better. Call Pompeyo C Chavez, MD, or book your consultation online to learn more about various diabetes therapy.